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No Special Purpose Vehicle for National Waterways by the major Ports : Sarbananda Sonowal

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NEW DELHI : The Union Minister for Ports, Shipping and Waterways, Shri Sarbananda Sonowal informed that no Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) has been proposed by the Government for the development of National Waterways by the major ports. However, five (05) Major Ports were directed to take up development of the National Waterways which are in their proximity through release of grant by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI). The list of National Waterways assigned to five Major Ports is at Annex-I.   Later, the matter was reviewed and it was decided that the development of NWs allocated to five (05) Major Ports will be undertaken by the IWAI.    However, the development of three (03) NWs of Goa viz. NW-68, NW-27 and NW-111 will continue to be undertaken as per the tripartite MoU signed among IWAI, Government of Goa (Caption of Ports) and Mormugao Port Trust (MoPT).                                   

Fairway development works in Vijayawada – Muktyala stretch of river Krishna in NW-4 and installation of four floating pontoons have been completed. Land acquisition process for Ro-Ro terminals (3 nos.) at Ibrahimpatnam, Harischandrapuram and Muktyala has been initiated. The time frame set for completion of these terminals is two years after completion of land acquisition process.

A provision of Rs. 564.31 crore has been made in the Budget Estimate for 2022-23for development of National Waterways (NWs). Development and operational status of the National Waterways is detailed at Annex-II.


National Waterways (NWs) allocated to 05 Major Ports

Sl. No.Major PortName of Waterway with distance in (km)NW no.
1.New Mangalore Port Trust (NMPT)i.  Kabini (23)ii. Gurupur (10) iii. Kali (53)iv. Netrawathi (30)v. Sharavati (29)vi. Ghataprabha (112)vii. Malaprabha (94)viii. Tungabhadra (230)ix. Bheema (139)NW – 51     NW – 43NW – 52NW – 74NW – 90NW – 41NW – 67NW-104NW – 21
2.Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT)i. Amba river (45)ii. Arunavati-Aran river (98)iii. Dabhol Creek-Vashisti river (45)iv. Kalyan-Thane-Mumbai Waterway Vasai Creek        Ulhas river (145)v. Manjara river (242)vi. Nag river (60) vii. Penganga-Wardha river (265)viii. Revdanda Creek- Kundalika river (31)ix. Bankot Creek – Savita river (46)x.   Tapi river (164)xi. Wainganga-Pranahita river (164)NW-10NW- 11NW – 28NW- 53 NW- 70NW- 72NW- 78NW- 85NW- 89NW- 100NW- 109
3.Deendayal Port Trust,  Kandlai.  Mahi river (248)ii. Narmada river (227)iii. Tapi river (436)iv. Jawai-Luni rivers and Rann Kutch (590)v. Luni river (336)NW- 66NW- 73NW- 100     NW- 48NW- 63
4.Paradip Port Trust (PPT)i. Brahmani- Kharsua – Tantighai- PanduaNala- DedheiNala- KaniDhamra- river System, Geonkhali- Charbatia Stretch of East Coast canal, Charbatia- Dhamra Stretch of Matai river and Mahanadi Delta rivers (332)ii. Baitarni river (49)iii. Mahanadi river (425)iv.  Subarnrekha river (314)NW- 5    NW- 14NW- 64NW- 96
5.Mormugao Port Trust (MPT)i. Mandovi river (41)ii.  Cumberjua (17)iii. Zuari (50)iv.  Chapori (33)v. Mapusa (27)NW- 68NW- 27 NW- 111NW- 25NW- 71


Development and operational status of the National Waterways

  1. National Waterway (NW) -1 (Ganga – Bhagirathi-Hooghly river system from Allahabad to Haldia), NW – 2 (River Brahmaputra from Dhubri to Sadiya), NW -3 (West Coast Canal from Kottapuram to Kollam along with Udyogmandal and Champakara Canals) have already been developed with fairway, navigational aids, jetties and terminals with mechanized equipment handling facilities for loading and unloading of cargo. These waterways including NW-4(Krishna Godavari river system), NW-5 (Brahmani – Mahanadi Delta rivers), NW-10 (river Amba), NW-16 (river Barak), NW-44 (river Ichamati), NW-64 (Mahanadi river ), NW-68 (river Mandovi), NW-73 (river Narmada), NW-83 (Rajpuri Creek), NW-85 (Revadanda Creek – Kundalika River System),  NW-86 (Rupnarayan river), NW-91 (Shashtri river- Jaigad creek system), NW-94 (Sone river), NW- 97 (Sunderbans Waterways), NW-100 (river Tapi) and NW-111 (river Zuari) are 19 operational NWs and vessels are plying on these NWs.   
  2. Government is implementing the Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) at an estimated cost of Rs. 5369.18 cr. (revised to Rs. 4633.81 cr.) for capacity augmentation of navigation on NW-1 on the Haldia – Varanasi stretch of Ganga-Bhagirathi- Hooghly River System with the technical and financial assistance of the World Bank. The salient features of the project are development of various infrastructure like construction of multimodal terminals at Varanasi, Sahibganj & Haldia, Ro-Ro terminals, navigational lock at Farakka, channel marking systems, integrated vessel repair & maintenance facilities, automated information techniques of DGPS and river information system (RIS), day and night navigation aids, slipways, bunkering facilities, river training and river conservancy works. Projects worth Rs. 2151 crores (approx.) have commenced on ground in a time period of four years after statutory clearances.
  3. Comprehensive development of NW-2 and NW-16 with Indo-Bangladesh Protocol (IBP) Routes has been undertaken at the cost of Rs. 461 crore and Rs. 145 crore respectively.
  4. Based on the outcome of techno-economic feasibility and Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) prepared for NWs, 26 NWs have been found to be viable for cargo and passenger movement out of which developmental activities have been taken up/ initiated in 13 most viable NWs as per list attached.


Sl. NoNational WaterwayDetails of WaterwaysSTATESStatus
1National Waterway 1Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia – Allahabad)Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West BengalDevelopment taken up with Assistance from World Bank Jal Marg Vikas Project
2National Waterway 2Brahmaputra River (Dhubri – Sadiya)AssamDevelopment taken up as per approved SFC for FY 2020-21 to 2024-25
3National Waterway 16Barak RiverAssam
4National Waterway 3West Coast Canal (Kottapuram – Kollam), Champakara and Udyogmandal CanalsKeralaMostly Operational Waterways and development and maintenance work taken up.  
5National Waterway 4Krishna River (Vijayawada – Muktyala)Andhra Pradesh
6National Waterway 5Dhamra-Paradio via Mangalagadi to PankopalOdisha
7National Waterway 8Alappuzha- Changanassery CanalKerala
8National Waterway 9Alappuzha – Kottayam – Athirampuzha CanalKerala (Alternate route: 11.5km)
9National Waterway 27Cumberjua RiverGoa
10National Waterway 68Mandovi RiverGoa
11National Waterway 86Rupnarayan RiverWest Bengal
12National Waterway 97Sunderbans WaterwayWest Bengal
13National Waterway 111Zuari RiverGoa
14National Waterway 10Amba RiverMaharashtraDevelopment proposal at appraisal stage.
15National Waterway 40Ghagra RiverBihar
16National Waterway 44Ichamati RiverWest Bengal
17National Waterway 52Kali RiverKarnataka
18National Waterway 57Kopili RiverAssam
19National Waterway 25Chapora RiverGoa
20National Waterway 37Gandak RiverBihar 
21National Waterway 28Dabhol Creek Vasisti RiverMaharashtra
22National Waterway 73Narmada RiverMaharashtra & Gujarat
23National Waterway 85Revadanda Creek – Kundalika River SystemMaharashtra
24National Waterway 94Sone RiverBihar
25National Waterway 100Tapi RiverMaharashtra & Gujarat
26National Waterway 31Dhansiri RiverAssam
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