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Sonowal informs Rajya Sabha of 111 Inland Waterways which have been declared as National Waterways

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NEW DELHI : Union Minister for Ports, Shipping and Waterways, Shri Sarbananda Sonowal in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha informed that to promote Inland Water Transport (IWT) in the country, 111 inland waterways spread over 24 states have been declared as National Waterways (NWs) under National Waterway Act, 2016. Based on the outcome of techno-economic feasibility and Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) of these NWs, action plan has been formulated by IWAI for 26 NWs found viable for cargo/passenger movement (Details at Annex-1). Development activities have been initiated in the first 13 NWs out of the 26 viable NWs.

Moreover, there is a scheme namely Central Sector Scheme (CSS) for development of inland waterways in North Eastern States including Sikkim in which 100% financial assistance is provided to North Eastern States. The details of funds approved for development of NWs are at Annex-2.

Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) for capacity augmentation of NW-1 (Haldia to Varanasi – 1390 kms) has been undertaken by IWAI with the technical and financial assistance of the World Bank at a revised estimated cost of Rs. 4633.84 cr. to provide Least Available Depth of 2.2 to 3.0 meters and bottom channel width of 45 meters for at least 330 days in a year to make it navigable for vessels up to 1500 – 2000 Dead Weight Tonnage. The details of steps undertaken/work started for capacity augmentation of NW-1 & other NWs is detailed at Annex-3.



Sl. NoNational WaterwayDetails of WaterwaysSTATES
1National Waterway 1Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia – Allahabad)Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand & West Bengal
2National Waterway 2Brahmaputra River (Dhubri – Sadiya)Assam
3National Waterway 16Barak RiverAssam
4National Waterway 3West Coast Canal (Kottapuram – Kollam), Champakara and Udyogmandal CanalsKerala
5National Waterway 4Krishna River (Vijayawada – Muktyala)Andhra Pradesh
6National Waterway 5Dhamra-Paradio via Mangalagadi to PankopalOdisha
7National Waterway 8Alappuzha- Changanassery CanalKerala
8National Waterway 9Alappuzha – Kottayam – Athirampuzha CanalKerala (Alternate route: 11.5km)
9National Waterway 27Cumberjua RiverGoa
10National Waterway 68Mandovi RiverGoa
11National Waterway 86Rupnarayan RiverWest Bengal
12National Waterway 97Sunderbans WaterwayWest Bengal
13National Waterway 111Zuari RiverGoa
14National Waterway 10Amba RiverMaharashtra
15National Waterway 40Ghagra RiverBihar
16National Waterway 44Ichamati RiverWest Bengal
17National Waterway 52Kali RiverKarnataka
18National Waterway 57Kopili RiverAssam
19National Waterway 25Chapora RiverGoa
20National Waterway 37Gandak RiverBihar
21National Waterway 28Dabhol Creek Vasisti RiverMaharashtra
22National Waterway 73Narmada RiverMaharashtra & Gujarat
23National Waterway 85Revadanda Creek – Kundalika River SystemMaharashtra
24National Waterway 94Sone RiverBihar
25National Waterway 100Tapi RiverMaharashtra & Gujarat
26National Waterway 31Dhansiri RiverAssam


Funds Sanctioned for development of National Waterways (NWs):- 

 Name of Project Amount ( Rs. in Cr.)
Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) on NW-1  4634 (Revised)
Comprehensive Development of NW-2  461
Comprehensive Development of NW-16 & IBP Route  145
Extra Budgetary Resources for Development of NWs  1000
Central Sector Scheme for development of IWT in North Eastern States including Sikkim100


Steps undertaken/work started for capacity augmentation of NW-1 & other NWs:-

Sl. NoNWDetails of WaterwaysLength (Km)Projects started
1NW 1Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System (Haldia – Allahabad)1620Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP) with the assistance from World Bank for capacity augumentation for Haldia-Varanasi stretch at a revised estimated cost of Rs. 4633.84 cr. with following projects – Constructions of multi-modal terminals at Varanasi and Sahibganj have been completed and multimodal terminal at Haldia and the Navigational Lock at Farakka have achieved substantial progress with 98% and 93.09% respectively.Contracts for providing Least Assured Depth of 3 m and bottom channel width of 45 m on the stretch between Farakka – Kahalgaon, Sultanganj-Mahendrapur and Mahendrapur-Barh have been awarded on 09th April 2018, 12th April 2019 and 12th April 2019 respectively and are currently in progress with financial progress of Rs. 137.95 crores, Rs. 47.56 crores and Rs. 35.94 crores respectively.The EPC contract for construction of IWT Kalughat Terminals was awarded on 26.11.2021 at a cost of Rs. 82.47 cr. The physical progress is 9.1%.Under JMVP-II (Arth Ganga), various studies including comprehensive study for the project, DPR study for modernization of existing lock at Farakka etc. are ongoing. 62 communities jetties & 10 Ro-Ro terminals are planned to be developed, out of which 3 community jetties in Uttar Pradesh has been developed and work for 8 floating jetties in Uttar Pradesh has been awarded. For 17 community jetties in Bihar & Jharkhand tenders have been published. For remaining jetties, preparation of tender documents initiated.
2NW 2Brahmaputra River (Dhubri – Sadiya)891Development of NW 2 at a cost of Rs 461 crore during 2020-21 to 2024-25 was approved by SFC- There are 17 activities approved by SFC for NW-2. Out of these 17 activities, 03 are of permanent nature viz, (i) Construction of Jogighopa terminal, (ii) Alternative Road to Pandu Port, and (iii) Ship repair facility at Pandu, which are at DPR stage. The remaining 14 activities are of recurring nature viz., (i) Fairway development (ii) O&M of navigational aids (iii) O&M of fixed & floating terminals (iv) O&M of vessels (v) Consultancy training(vi)Maintenance of e-portal etc. These activities are carried out on annual basis.
3NW 16Barak River (Lakhipur -Tuker Gram)121Development of NW 16 and IBP route at a cost of Rs 145 crore during 2020-21 to2024-25 was approved by SFC- There are 10 activities as approved by SFC for NW-16 & IBP route. Out of these 10 activities, 03 are of permanent nature viz, (i) Construction of Terminal at Sonamura on Gumti river, (ii) Construction of terminal at Maia on Ganga River and (iii) Upgradation of Badarpur and Karimganj terminals, which are in consideration. The remaining 07 activities are of recurring nature i.z., (i) Fairway development (ii) O&M of navigational aids (iii) Consultancy training (iv) cargo promotion, and (v) amenities at Ports of Call etc. These activities are carried out on annual maintenance basis.
4NW 3West Coast Canal (Kottapuram – Kollam), Champakara and Udyogmandal Canals2051.Construction of new Navigational Lock at Thrikkunnapuzha, at a cost of Rs. 38 Cr. 2. Execution of balance capital dredging and widening in Edappallikotta and Kollam stretch, at a cost of Rs.6.75 Cr.3. Annual maintenance works commenced in April 2022 for F.Y. 2022-23-(i) Annual fairway maintenance works in NW-3 at a cost of Rs.7.42 cr. is approved during the FY 2021-22.(ii) Operation and maintenance of IWT terminals in NW-3, at a cost of Rs.2.28 cr. is approved during the FY 2021-22.
5NW 4Krishna River (Vijayawada – Muktyala)821. Pontoons have been acquired for development of four floating Jetties. 2. Dredging in the stretch for navigational purpose has been completed3. Land acquisition for construction of three Ro-Ro terminals at Muktayala, Harichandrapuram and Ibrahimpatnam has been taken up with the State Govt.
6NW 5Dhamra-Paradip via Mangalagadi to Pankopal2331. Monthly Thalweg Survey from Pankapal to Dhamra – Paradip via. Mangalgadi: 230 LKM per month. 2. Shifting / Relocation of HT / LT Power lines in NW-5.3. In July 2022, IWAI invited Expression of Interest (EoI) from eligible  /reputed firms to participate and develop select stretches of NW-5 from Padanipal – Paradip and Dhamra (89 km & 50 km) and from Marshaghi – Paradip (35 km) of NW-64 on Design, Built, Finance, Operate & Transfer (DBFOT) basis.
7NW 8Alappuzha- Changanassery Canal29Development proposed as per DPR recommendations. 24 hours navigational aids (15 nos.) provided at critical locations and being maintained.
8NW 9Alappuzha – Kottayam – Athirampuzha Canal40Development of the waterway at an estimated cost of INR 1.60 crore has commenced. Night navigation facilities has been installed. Waterway is already operational.
9NW 27Cumberjua River (Cortalim-Ferry to Sao MartiasVidhanParisad)17NWs of Goa are operational under a Tripartite MoU with Govt. of Goa, Marmugao Port Authority & IWAI. Development of NWs in Goa at an estimated cost of INR 22.65 crore has commenced. Work for installation of 04 nos. floating Jetties amounting to Rs.11.33 crores on river Mandovi and river Chapora taken up. In addition a fund of Rs 6.84 Crore has been released to Mormugao Port Authority on 02.04.2022 for induction of navigational Aids on 02.04.2022.
10NW 68Mandovi River (Usgoan bridge to Arabian Sea)41
11NW 111Zuari River (Sanvorden bridge to Marmugao Port)50
12NW 86Rupnarayan River (Pratap Pur to Geonkhali)72Development of the waterway at an estimated cost of INR 24.00 crore has commenced. Improvement to road from NH to water front terminal at Kolaghat at a cost of Rs.15.45 crore is being executed by Irrigation Dept., Govt. of West Bengal on deposit basis. Construction of floating pontoon jetty is initiated for facilitating loading and unloading of fly-ash cargo.  For permanent terminal at Kolaghat, land acquisition completed in June 2022.
13NW 97Sunderbans Waterway (Namkhana to AtharaBanki Khal)172Development of waterway at an estimated cost of INR 18.10 crore has commenced. Waterway is part of Indo-Bangladesh Protocol route and already operational for vessels.
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