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India to become largest economic superpower by end of century : CEBR

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NEW DELHI : India will emerge as the largest economic superpower by the end of the century, with gross domestic product (GDP) 90 per cent larger than China’s and 30 per cent larger than the US, Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR) said in its latest World Economic League Table report.

The report said that India will sustain robust growth, averaging 6.5 per cent from 2024 to 2028, to surpass Japan and Germany as the world’s third-largest economy by 2032. 

“India is expected to overtake both China and the US after 2080, based on demographic estimates and projections,” the report added.

The country’s large and youthful population, a growing middle class, a dynamic entrepreneurial sector, and increasing global economic integration will be some key drivers of growth.

The study, however, said that India needs to address challenges such as poverty reduction, inequality, human capital, infrastructure improvement, and environmental sustainability. 

“Addressing these issues requires concerted efforts from the government, private sector, civil society, and collaboration with the international community,” the CEBR report said. 

India recorded a strong GDP growth of 7.2 per cent in 2022-23. CEBR anticipates a slight moderation in growth at 6.4 per cent for 2023-24, resulting in output surpassing pre-pandemic levels by 17.2 per cent. 

It added, “This deceleration reflects global demand moderation and the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI’s) proactive tightening of monetary policy to curb inflationary pressures.” 

The CEBR report has projected the inflation to close at around 5.5 per cent in 2023, despite robust output growth due to food and energy price shocks. 

The report said that public sector debt posed a long-term growth constraint with government debt as a percentage of GDP expected to touch 81.9 per cent in 2023, exceeding the 81 per cent recorded in 2022. 

A recent report by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had also warned that India’s general government debt could exceed 100 per cent of GDP in the medium term. 

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